Are you suffering from sun poisoning on the face? Read on to get more insights on treatment for blisters and sun poisoning swelling on the face. The post also explores what to do for sunburn affects after a long period of exposure to the UV and UVB radiations from the sun.
Sun poisoning is a serious type of sunburn. The sun allergy is the mainly occurs as a body’s reaction to the heating of the sun when you are too much exposed to the rays from the sun. Photodermatitis is a medical term for this effect of the sun on the skin. Low skin melanin content people are highly susceptible and that’s why fair skins get more affected more than dark and black skin.
The face is one of the majorly affected parts of the body that gets affected by sun poisoning. Rashes, Blisters and swelling on the face are among the symptoms of sun poisoning. When you read on what causes sun poisoning, you will realize that the sun produces harmful radiations such as UV and UVB that penetrates the skin and cause harm to underneath cells and body organs.
Sun Poisoning on Face
When you get sun poisoning on the face, there is the possibility of a rash, blisters or swelling. What it looks like will definitely depend on how serious the symptoms are and the type of sun poisoning you are experiencing. Initially, your skin on the face will appear very red in color, followed by peeling off and eventually the formation of blisters.
Solar urticaria is a type of sun poisoning that will make your skin on face feel itchy, ridden and eventually swelling to form hives. For some people, it may appear like eczema due to the formation of scaly dry patches on the face or hands. The polymorphous light eruption, on the other hand, is an inherent type among the Native Americans, which will make you feel fatigued, headache, nausea and chills. This reaction is not linked to drugs or diseases.
There are various factors that can increase risks and chances of sun poisoning on the face. Skin lightening products such as pills, soap and cream are among what can contribute to the skin’s vulnerability. Certain types of medications such as tranquilizers, birth control pills, some antibiotics and hypertension medications can also contribute.
What to Do for Sun Poisoning on the Face – Home Remedy
Sun poisoning can be realized a few hours after sun exposure. When you get at home and notice some signs such as; itchiness, redness, blisters, wheezing, dizziness and loss of consciousness, there are quick home care steps you need to take and they include the following:
- Take a cool shower or bath or place clean wet, cool wash rags on the burn.
- Avoid using products that can cause skin allergic reactions and burns such as benzocaine or lidocaine.
- Cover blisters with dry bandages to avoid bacterial infections.
- Drink a glass of cold water that is not ice cold to stay hydrated.
- You can apply a moisturizer to the skin to relieve the tension. Avoid using oily skin moisturizers such as petroleum jelly (Vaseline) among others since they can block the pores hence retaining the heat and sweat.
- Go for over the counter anti-inflammatory and painkiller medicines such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- You can use cortisone creams to reduce and prevent inflammation.
- Do not wear tight nylon material clothing but instead go for loose cotton.
- Stay out of the sun to avoid further sun poisoning.
- Apply Aloe Vera Gel lotion or cream on the affected area of the skin. You can use a direct natural extract of this ingredient or you can obtain the products from the drugstores.
- Compress the face with a mixture of milk and water in equal amounts.
- Use SPF a sun protection factor of 30 or above which you should apply regularly when outdoors.
Sun poisoning can become severe and with persistent symptoms. You need to seek emergency medical attention if the symptoms become more serious. This is when there is severe pain, severe blistering, headache, confusion, vomiting, fainting and dizziness. These could also be a sign of a serious underlying medical condition that requires emergency medical care.
When you get to the medical center, the doctor will conduct a sunburn diagnosis. Your medical history will be obtained and an examination of sun poisoning on the face or other body parts will be done physically and by laboratory tests. The intensity of burning will be detected and you will be recommended for a medical treatment.
How to Treat Sun Poisoning on Face
Face sun poisoning treatment will depend on the type of poisoning and the intensity of burning. First aid is normally the initial treatment and it involves over the counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Sunburn lotions and creams can also be used in the prevention of the situation. Silver Sulfadiazine is an example of best effective topical cream for treatment and prevention of sunburn and must be used under the doctor’s recommendation.
When the sun poisoning on face is mild and not life-threatening, more fluids may be recommended by the doctor. Taking aspirin and no steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be used to fix the swelling and blisters. The patient may also be suggested for cool compresses such as Burow’s solution soaks and application of effective moisturizing creams and lotions to the affected area.
Oral steroid therapy can be used in severe cases. This mostly involves prescription of cortisone medications for some time. This can also involve strong pain reliever medications depending on the doctor’s observation and recommendation. Silver sulfadiazine is an effective treatment though it may not be used on the face due to side effects.
Sun Poisoning Swollen Face
Sun poisoning can cause premature aging of the skin and also severe infections such as skin cancers. Therefore you should take necessary precautions when you realize an effect on your skin. The best way is to avoid the sun and if you have no option there are other various ways to prevent sun poisoning.
How to Prevent Sun Poisoning on Face
- The sun is normally too hot during the pick hours. Avoid getting outdoors from 10 am to 4 pm.
- Wear wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses with UV protection, long-sleeved shirts and pants.
- Avoid medications and drugs that make your skin vulnerable to the sun poisoning
- Avoid abuse of substances such as excessive use of mind-altering drugs which will impair your judgment.
- Be cautious while going for short and sequential sun exposure since it can cause tanning and skin cancer in the long run.
- Avoid tanning beds since they are associated with serious cell conditions such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
- Young adults and children are at high risk of sun poisoning compared to the aged people.
- Use sunscreen and sun protection while outdoors.
Sun Poisoning Blisters on Face
Blisters on the face can be due to sun poisoning. They can associate a sun poisoning swollen face and peeling of the skin. Quick measures need to be taken since they can erupt and cause bacterial infections such as cancer. Use of appropriate sunscreen and sun protection is the best way to prevent sun poisoning blisters on the face.
While going for sunblock pay more attention to the sun protection factor (SPF) and don’t mind about the PABA since some sensitive skin types are allergic to PABA. This should not be used in children below 1 year old as it can cause irritation. This chemical element is therefore not common in many sunscreens due to such side effects.
The product with high SPF offers more protection against UV and UVB rays. This is simply a ratio of the time such product take to produce a skin reaction on both protected and unprotected skin. In layman’s, a product with SPF 30 would allow an individual to be exposed 30 times longer than one with no sunscreen when other factors are held constant.
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends people to use a broad spectrum waterproof sunscreen with SPF of at least 30. Apply enough and on regular basis. While on sun application after every 2 hours is recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology.
You are also advised to use a lip balm with SPF 30 and above to prevent your lips from sun poisoning. Beware that not all sunscreen are water resistant, swimming and sweating can degrade the effectiveness of such non-water proof sunscreens and therefore replying is the best way to ensure your protection against harmful radiations from the sun.
In conclusion, besides sun poisoning on the face, too much sun exposure can cause premature aging of the skin cells, the formation of wrinkles, uneven skin tone, development of moles, eyes problems and cancerous skin tumors.