What is sun poisoning? Read on to get more insights on the meaning and what causes sun poisoning rush. There are also various ways on how to prevent rash and swelling from sun poisoning.
What Is Sun Poisoning?
When you stay in the sun for quite a long time without wearing sunscreen or protection, your skin is likely to sunburn causing redness and blistering. The UV radiations from the sun are responsible for the skin inflames. This is a problem that mostly affects people of light skin and fair hair complexion.
While in the sun it is not easy to realize at that particular moment about the poisoning. A few moment later you will be able to experience symptoms of sun poisoning. The exposed parts of the body such as the face and hands are highly affected. Sun poisoning on face can associate symptoms that may also be experienced within other parts of the body.
There are two types of sun poisoning. Polymorphous light eruption (PMLE) is a reaction to the sunlight and studies have shown that it is not linked to neither drugs nor diseases. This condition affects individuals who are exposed to the sunlight they that they are not used to. People living at the Polar Regions are at high risk of this type of reaction.
The rush develops on the skin that associate itching and formation of small bumps on the affected area of the body. There is also high possibility of hive formation on the arms, chest and the lower legs. Some forms of PMLE reactions can be inherent and this is has been observed among the Native Americans. Symptoms normally subside within 10 days and does not associate serious medical condition.
Solar urticarial is another type of sun poisoning and it develops within few minutes of sunburn. It is common among the fair skin people. The symptoms are more or less the same as for PMLE and they subside within few days though they are likely to recur.
What Causes Sun Poisoning?
Sunburn occurs when body’s protective pigment, melanin is exceeded by the ultraviolet light exposure from the sun or other sources. The sun is one of the source of life on earth and it is a useful form of energy. Getting warmth and supply of Vitamin D is one of the most enjoyable thing we obtain directly from the sun.
The radiations from the sun are powerful and they appear in various dimensions and spectrum. The UV rays are one of the dangerous rays from the sun and when they exceed the required limit in the body they can cause a serious harm. This is why the ozone layer in the atmosphere helps in reducing the intensity of such radiations.
The skin is made up of several layers of cells. The top most layer is composed of dead skin cells that are usually dark in color. They are useful in protecting the skin from harmful effect of the sun. One of the dangerous property of UV rays is the ability to penetrate these dead skin cells to cause damage to the live underneath cells hence causing sun poisoning.
To know what is sun poisoning is important concept especially in beauty. Many people are embracing various method on how to lighten skin without knowing the science behind it. The various methods used such as skin lightening pills, skin whitening cream and skin bleaching soap affect the skin in a way or another and the outcome is in the form of a fair skin.
Lightening involves removal of the dead skin cells which are naturally important in the protection of the body against UV radiations. Other products also prevent the skin from production of a protective pigment known as melanin that normally make the skin appear dark. For this case, understanding what is sun poisoning can help you with ideas on how you can balance between the skin whitening and sunburn effects.
Can Sun Poisoning Cause Swelling
The UV rays has a high potential of causing damage to the DNA as well as killing the skin cells. The body has a mechanism which can protect such effects though to a given limit. When the radiations exceeds this protective mechanism, sunburn will take place and the reaction will be realized after some time.
One of the reaction to the sunburn by the immune system is directing more blood to the affected for the white blood cells to promote prevention and repair of the cells as the red blood cells supply more oxygen to the area causing blood vessels to swell. This can also be seen by the reddening of the skin around the affected body part.
Another reaction is production of more melanin to the burn area. Melanin as said protects the skin form UV rays and it is dark in color. When more of this pigment is produced to the area affected you will notice more darkening of the skin. Burning can denature skin cells causing them to die. This will be seen by the darkening and formation of hives, wrinkles and fold lines on the skin.
What Is Sun Poisoning Rash
Formation of a rush characterized by small bumps is one of the major immediate symptoms of sun poisoning. The rush can last for few days or may become severe which can easily cause skin cancer and other blemishes such as freckles, scars, wrinkles and eye diseases. Sunburn causes skin dehydration and when touched or rubbed a few days after, swelling blisters and peeling can happen.
Sun poisoning can cause temporary symptoms though when the skin is damaged it can permanent. To realize a severe damage, you will start feeling pain and irritation after the sun poisoning rush has disappeared.
Sun Poisoning Risk Factors
- Underage children and infants are always at high risk of sun poisoning.
- Fair skin people are at high risk compared to dark skin and black people.
- High and low altitude areas are at high risk of sun burning.
- During a hot shiny day, 10.am to 4.pm is the time when the sun radiations are strongest.
- Use of some medications such as antibiotics doxycycline can increase chances of your skin burning on the sun.
- There are medical conditions that can make you more susceptible to sun poisoning.
- Use a broad spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher. A broad spectrum sunscreen protects from both UVB and UVA rays.
- Apply a generous amount of sunscreen to fully cover exposed skin. Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or as often as the label says.
- Apply sunscreen after swimming or sweating and even when it is cloudy.
- Use a lip balm with sunscreen.
- Wear a hat and other protective clothing. Light-colored clothing reflects the sun most effectively.
- The best way to prevent sunburn is to avoid long exposure to sunlight.
- Wear sunglasses with UV protection.
How to Prevent Sun Poisoning
What is Sun Poisoning at Home Remedies?
Sun poisoning can be realized a few hours after sun exposure. When you get at home and notice some signs such as; itchiness, redness, blisters, wheezing, dizziness and loss of consciousness, there are quick home care steps you need to take and they include the following:
- Take a cool shower or bath or place clean wet, cool wash rags on the burn.
- Avoid using products that can cause skin allergic reactions and burns such as benzocaine or lidocaine.
- Cover blisters with dry bandages to avoid bacterial infections.
- You can apply a moisturizer to the skin to relieve the tension. Avoid using oil skin moisturizers such as petroleum jelly (Vaseline) among others since they can block the pores hence retaining the heat and sweat.
- Go for over the counter anti-inflammatory and pain killer medicines such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- You can use cortisone creams to reduce and prevent inflammation.
- Do not wear tight nylon material clothing but instead go for loose cotton.
Sun Poisoning Pictures
Sunburn is a major form of sun poisoning that causes inflammation of the skin. The UV and UVB rays from the sun can also damage the eyes. Most of the sun poisoning are normally mild and most of the above discussed home remedies can fix the situation. It is good to be aware that sunburn can permanently damage skin or cause serious medical infection such as cancer.
There are various sun poisoning pictures in the post and they can give you a clear view on what is sun poisoning. Continue reading our trending posts to learn more on sun poisoning symptoms, rashes and the best treatment for a sunburn skin. There is also more coming on how to get a glowing skin.